A Novel Anomaly-Based Intrusion Detection Model Using PSOGWO-Optimized BP Neural Network and GA-Based Feature Selection

Intrusion detection systems (IDS) are crucial for network security because they enable detection of and response to malicious traffic. However, as next-generation communications networks become increasingly diversified and interconnected, intrusion detection systems are confronted with dimensionality difficulties.

Prior works have shown that high-dimensional datasets that simulate real-world network data increase the complexity and processing time of IDS system training and testing, while irrelevant features waste resources and reduce the detection rate. In this paper, a new intrusion detection model is presented which uses a genetic algorithm (GA) for feature selection and optimization algorithms for gradient descent.

First, the GA-based method is used to select a set of highly correlated features from the NSL-KDD dataset that can significantly improve the detection ability of the proposed model. A Back-Propagation Neural Network (BPNN) is then trained using the HPSOGWO method, a hybrid combination of the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and Grey Wolf Optimization (GWO) algorithms. Finally, the hybrid HPSOGWO-BPNN algorithm is used to solve binary and multi-class classification problems on the NSL-KDD dataset.

The experimental outcomes demonstrate that the proposed model achieves better performance than other techniques in terms of accuracy, with a lower error rate and better ability to detect different types of attacks.

Authors: Saeid Sheikhi 1Panos Kostakos

Links to full article: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36502022

DOI:  10.3390/s22239318